A patient wants to know what can cause ACTH to be released.How should the nurse respond?A patient has researched lipid-soluble hormones on the Internet. Which information indicates the patient has a good understanding? Lipid-soluble hormone receptors cross the plasma membrane by:

A patient wants to know what can cause ACTH to be released.How should the nurse respond?A patient has researched lipid-soluble hormones on the Internet. Which information indicates the patient has a good understanding? Lipid-soluble hormone receptors cross the plasma membrane by:

a. High serum levels of cortisol
b. Hypotension
c. Hypoglycemia
d. Stress

Question 2

A student asks the instructor which of the following is the most potent naturally occurring glucocorticoid. How should the instructor respond?

a. Aldosterone
b. Testosterone
c. Cortisol
d. Prolactin

Question 3

A patient has researched lipid-soluble hormones on the Internet. Which information indicates the patient has a good understanding? Lipid-soluble hormone receptors cross the plasma membrane by:

a. Diffusion
b. Osmosis
c. Active transport
d. Endocytosis

Question 4

A 45-year-old female has elevated thyroxine production.Which of the following would accompany this condition?

a. Increased thyroid-releasing hormone (TRH)
b. Increased anterior pituitary stimulation
c. Decreased T4
d. Decreased thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)

Question 5

A 40-year-old male undergoes surgery for a PTH-secreting tumor in which the parathyroid is removed. Which of the following would the nurse expect following surgery?

a. Increased serum calcium
b. Decreased bone formation
c. Decreased calcium reabsorption in the kidney
d. Increased calcitonin

Question 6

A 35-year-old female with Graves disease is admitted to a medical-surgical unit. While the nurse is reviewing the lab tests, which results would the nurse expect to find?

a. High levels of circulating thyroid-stimulating antibodies
b. Ectopic secretion of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)
c. Low circulating levels of thyroid hormones
d. Increased circulation of iodine

Question 7

A 12-year-old male is newly diagnosed with type 1 DM. Which of the following tests should the nurse prepare the patient to best confirm the diagnosis?

a. Fasting plasma glucose levels
b. Random serum glucose levels
c. Genetic testing
d. Glycosylated hemoglobin measurements

Question 8

A 25-year-old male presents with fatigue, constipation, and sexual dysfunction. Tests reveal all pituitary hormones are normal and no masses are present. The nurse suspects the most likely cause of his symptoms is a dysfunction in the:

a. Anterior pituitary
b. Posterior pituitary
c. Pars intermedia
d. Pituitary stalk

Question 9

While planning care for a patient from general anesthesia, which principle should the nurse remember? A side effect of some general anesthetic agents is _____ diabetes insipidus.

a. Neurogenic
b. Nephrogenic
c. Psychogenic
d. Allogenic

Question 10

When insulin binds to its receptors on muscle cells, an increase in glucose uptake by the muscle cells occurs. This is an example of a _____ effect by a hormone.

a. Pharmacologic
b. Permissive
c. Biphasic
d. Direct

Question 11

Diabetes insipidus, diabetes mellitus (DM), and SIADH share which of the following assessment manifestations?

a. Polyuria
b. Edema
c. Vomiting
d. Thirst

Question 12

An endocrinologist isolated a new hormone and found it to be a water-soluble amine. Which of the following is most like this new hormone?

a. Growth hormone (GH)
b. Luteinizing hormone (LH)
c. Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
d. Epinephrine

Question 13

A 54-year-old patient with pulmonary tuberculosis (lung infection) is evaluated for syndrome of inappropriate ADH secretion (SIADH).Which of the following electrolyte imbalances would be expected in this patient?

a. Hyponatremia
b. Hyperkalemia
c. Hypernatremia
d. Hypokalemia

Question 14

A patient wants to know why ADH is important in the body.What is the nurse’s best response? ADH is important in:

a. The body’s water balance and urine concentration
b. Maintaining electrolyte levels and concentrations
c. Follicular maturation
d. Regulation of metabolic processes

Question 15

A 35-year-old female took corticosteroid therapy for several months. Which of the following would the nurse expect to find?

a. Renal toxicity
b. Episodes of hypoglycemia
c. Hypotension
d. Type 2 DM

Question 16

If the patient has a problem with the pineal gland, which substance would the nurse monitor?

a. Melatonin
b. Epinephrine
c. Cortisol
d. Somatostatin

Question 17

A 50-year-old male patient presents with polyuria and extreme thirst. He was given exogenous ADH. For which of the following conditions would this treatment be effective?

a. Neurogenic diabetes insipidus
b. Psychogenic diabetes insipidus
c. Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
d. SIADH

Question 18

While planning care for a patient with hypothyroidism, which principle should the nurse remember? The basal metabolic rate is unusually _____ with hypothyroidism.

a. High
b. Low
c. Steady
d. Variable

Question 19

If a patient’s posterior pituitary is removed, which hormone would the nurse expect to decrease?

a. PRF
b. ADH
c. ACTH
d. GH

Question 20

An aide asks the nurse what is the most common cause of elevated levels of antidiuretic hormone (ADH) secretion. How should the nurse respond?

a. Autoimmune disease
b. Cancer

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